enfrdeitptrues

Silifke

Hits: 86

SilifkeLike most places in Turkey, Silifke, the small province town and capital of the like-named province, has roots that go back far in history. It was founded in the 3rd century BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of the generals of Alexander the Great and called after him Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Calycadnum was at that time the name of the Göksu river that runs through the city. It was near Silifke that Frederic Barbarossa, the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire met his end during the Third Crusade by drowning in the Göksu river.

The most prominent ruin in Silifke is that of the Temple of Jupiter-Zeus (Jupiter Tapınağı) which dates from the 2nd or 3rd century AD. Of the three Roman temples that once existed in Seleucia, the Temple of Jupiter is the only one which has survived to the present. The temple which is of the peripteros plan, stands on a podium. The fluted columns and the column bases in the south are in situ. The temple dates from the 2nd century AD, but was transformed into a christian basilica in the 5th century. The presence of storks on the single remaining column is the reason why locals call it also the Temple of Storks.

Silifke is about half an hour by dolmus from Kızkalesi. As we visited Silifke in 2004 only between buses, we didn't have time to pay a visit to the hilltop castle (Silefke Kalesi) that dominates the town.

On the road between Kızkalesi and Silifke, above the village of Narlıkuyu are the Chasms of Heaven and Hell (Cennet ve Cehennem Çökükleri) of which Cennet (Heaven) is the most impressive. To reach the cave inside the chasm itself, you need to descend the 452 hefty steps. About 300 m to the west of Heaven is the Wishing and Asthma Cave (Astım - Dilek Mağarası).

 

Share this

Submit to FacebookSubmit to Google PlusSubmit to TwitterSubmit to LinkedIn