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CappadociatThe history of Cappadocia began with the eruption of three volcanoes (Erciyes Dağı, Hasan Dağı, and Melendiz Dağı) about 10 million years ago. As a result, the region was covered with a thick layer of volcanic ash, which hardened into a soft porous stone, called tuff. Wind, water and sand erosion wore away portions of the tuff, carving it into unearthly shapes. The tuff was also easily worked with primitive tools and the inhabitants learned how simple it was to carve out sturdy dwellings. Later, Christianity arrived and cave churches with elaborate decoration were excavated. The number of churches that were carved from the rocks is unparalleled. Descendants of the original settlers lived here until 1923 when an exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey took place.

In 1985, the Göreme Valley National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia were officially declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.

I visited Cappadocia in 1982, 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2010. Both in 2002 and 2010 we stayed at the Ottoman House in Göreme, which is a very pleasant and friendly place to stay (Tel.: +(90) 384 271 26 16, Fax: +(90) 384 271 26 19, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Orta Mahalle No 36). One of the main advantages of the Ottoman house is certainly the presence of a large indoor swimming pool. The staff is also of help in organizing tours.


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