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Cavustepe TurkeyÇavuştepe is an archeological site, located 24 kilometers from Van on the Van-Başkale highway. The Urartians named the site Sardurihinili, meaning "City of Sarduri", after its founder, the Urartian king Sarduri II (764-735 BC). The walls measure 5-6 meters in height and can be seen from the highway. Inside the walls is a castle built on two peaks of a mountain and called the "upper" and "lower" fortresses. In the upper castle is a temple dedicated to the Urartian god Haldi. The Urartians also made the plain below their palace fertile by digging irrigation canals from the river Hoşap. Between the upper and lower castle, there are the remains of a substantial number of workshop buildings.

A trip to is Çavuştepe is usually combined with Hoşap Castle, which is located 33 km further on the Van-Başkale highway.


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